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by: Armando Zanolla
KNOWING SPAIN. THE TOWN OF CREIXELL (TARRAGONA-CATALUNYA)
Are you interested moving to Spain? Well in this article you can
experience some taste of It.!
Creixell belongs to the district of Tarragones of the province of
Tarragona. It covers a territorial extension of 10, 5 Km2. It is
very near from the Mediterranean coast, and right next to ‘El
Massís de Bonastre’. This massif occupies more than half of the
surface of the township which is situated in the north part; and
in the east side is where there is the inhabited centre, in a
plane area. The littoral has no geographic accidents. Within the
township, there are many private residential areas which are very
close to the village. One of the most famous is the "Barri de
les Botigues de Mar", which is next to the beach which is
1.200 mts. long, far from the inhabited centre.
According to the last census carried out by the Nacional Institute
of Statistics, in 2001 there were 2.086 inhabitants.
The oldest remains that have been found in the village belong to a
Roman village from the II and III centuries. They were built in an
area that is known nowadays as "La Clota", between the
national road and the beach. By the coast of Creixell is been
found some pieces of ceramics, lead, stone and other tools used
hundred of years ago.
The first documents talking about Creixell date from the XI
century. It appears a place called "Lloc de les Morisques"
which belongs to the township nowadays. Creixell appears in many
documents of donation and sales, until the Archbishop of Barcelona
Ramon de Castellvell, in 1190, gave a Population permit to the
people who wanted to live in the village of Creixell.
In the XVI century, most of the villages of El Tarragonès
developed an intense vitality and activity due to the presence of
‘La Comuna del Camp’. However, there were many attacks from
the pirates and some plagues that affected these villages, such as
the Black Death. Nevertheless, a few years later they experienced
a demographic increase due to the entrance of many French people
in this area. During the "Guerra dels Segadors" the
village was sacked and robbed by the soldiers. It supported the
Archiduque Carlos during the "Guerra de Successió", as
many villages of "La Comuna" did, and contributed to the
war with some soldiers and quantities of money.
During the XVIII century, Creixell became a part of the "Corregiment
de Tarragona", and as in all the villages of the country,
there was a strong demographic and economic decrease. In 1767,
after the Jesuits were expulsed, the jurisdiction of the village
went to the hands of the crown, which sold it to Salvador de Marc.
He and his descendants governed the "Señorío de Creixell
and Roda" until the manor rights were abolished.
During the XIX century, the Carlinas fights divided the village at
the time that it started to recover from the recession until the
philloxera crisis impacted in it.
In the XX century, after the Civil War in 1936, the emigration was
important. In the decade of the sixties, the tourist phenomena
completely changed the life of Creixell, as well as most of the
littoral villages of the Costa Dorada.
There is a few typical dishes such as the ‘esmarris’, a
peculiar way of eating anchovies and blue fish. ‘All i Pebre’
is another dish consisting of fish stew served with their best
Another very typical dish is ‘el Rossejat’ which consists of
rice, but toasted. To manage this, they pour the rice on top of
boiling olive oil, letting it toast, and later pouring some stock.
FIESTAS AND TRADITIONS
On the 25th of July they celebrate the ‘minor major fiesta’,
in honour to Sant Jaume. There is another major fiesta called
‘Minerva’, celebrated on the third Sunday of September, in
honour to the ‘Santisim Sacrament’.
The agriculture was the most important activity in Creixell, until
1960. Since then, this activity has decreased in number of
employees. In the irrigated lands, which are the ones that give
higher profits, the farmers grow some vegetables. The dry lands
have almost disappeared, although the carob tree is still
important, which is used as a raw material by many industries.
The activities related with the cattle, fishing and industry are
very infrequent. The tourism has been the basic activity since
1960. All the necessary equipment for tourists has been installed,
and this has necessarily changed the structure of the village
(camping’s, apartments, etc).
The tourists who visit Creixell come from the nearest counties and
enjoy the village not only during the Summer but all the weekends
throughout the year.
PLACES TO VISIT
The parish church, which was built in the XVI century, in honour
to Sant Jaume. It is a Gothic building, and it has a belfry that
was built around 1771, following the designs of the architect
The Castle, from its first construction in the XI century, it only
conserves the "talús". The building was reconstructed
between the XVI and XVII centuries and modified again in the XIX
There are some interesting "Masies within the township, which
are typical Catalan homes. The most famous is "Cal Mercader".
It was built at the beginning of the XVIII century, but after then
it had some reformations done, and is fairly damaged nowadays.
Inside the "Clos de Mas Mercader" there is the Chapel of
Santa Teresa which is well conserved.
Another interesting place is the Hermitage of la Mare de Dèu de
which was built in 1952.
DO YOU WANT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT SPAIN? PLEASE CLIK THIS LINK:
My name is Armando Zanolla; the Director of Zar Holiday Villas.
The reason of this series of articles is directed to individuals
that whish to Move into Spain; but they feel the need to improve
there knowledge of the region. You will find a general knowledge
of all the major cities in the Costa Dorada in Spain together with
there costumes and traditions, there gastronomy and there
festivals, and much more…